根据发表在2020年3月11日的《美国癌症研究杂志》在线版上的一项研究,视力和眼部问题,如视力模糊、干眼、深度知觉障碍以及适应快速光线变化的问题,在帕金森病患者中比正常人群更常见神经学®的医学杂志美国神经病学学会。研究还发现这些问题可以影响一个人的日常活动。“对于帕金森的人来说,拥有最佳愿景的人尤为重要,因为它可以帮助弥补疾病造成的运动问题,并有助于降低跌倒风险,”研究作者Carlijn D.M.M.Borm,M.D.,Radboud University Medical Center,荷兰奈梅亨。“我们的研究不仅发现帕金森病的人们的眼部问题超出了老化过程,我们也发现这些问题可能会干扰他们的日常生活。然而,大多数眼睛问题都是可治疗的,因此如果可能的话,帕金森的人们将被筛选和治疗。“该研究涉及848人帕金森的症状平均七年。它们与250人没有这种疾病。这两个团体平均年龄为70岁。参与者完成了关于视觉和眼睛问题的问卷。对于所描述的每个问题,例如“我在我的眼中有一个燃烧的感觉或砂砾感”和“应该是直的线似乎是波浪或模糊的线条”,参与者被要求选择一系列四种反应。 A response of “never have symptoms” was worth one point. A response of “daily symptoms” was worth four points. There were 16 such questions as well as one question about visual hallucinations that required a yes or no response, with yes being worth one point, for a total possible score of 51 points. Participants were also asked if eye problems interfered with their daily activities such as driving a car, working on a computer, walking or personal care. Researchers found that 82% of people with Parkinson’s reported one or more eye problems compared to 48% of people without the disease. The average score on the questionnaire was 10 points for people with Parkinson’s compared to two points for people without the disease. Researchers also found that eye problems interfered with daily life for 68% of people with Parkinson’s compared to 35% of people without the disease. “Eye problems make it more difficult for people with Parkinson’s to physically navigate daily life, for example we found that half of study participants experienced problems with reading, and 33% had eye problems that interfered with driving a car,” said Borm. “People with Parkinson’s who express that they have eye problems should be referred to a specialist for further evaluation. For those who do not express such problems, using a questionnaire to screen for problems that may otherwise be missed might allow for recognition, timely treatment and improving the quality of life.” A limitation of the study was that since people were asked if they would like to participate in the study, it is possible that people with vision problems were more likely to respond, possibly resulting in an overestimation of eye problems. The study was supported by the Stichting ParkinsonFonds. Learn more about Parkinson’s disease atBrainandLife.org美国神经病学学会(American Academy of Neurology)的《免费患者和护理者》(free patient and caregiver)杂志专注于神经疾病和大脑健康的交集。遵循大脑和生活®脸谱网,推特Instagram

美国神经病学学会是世界上最大的神经学家和神经科学专业人员协会,拥有36000名成员。AAN致力于促进最高质量的以患者为中心的神经系统护理。神经学家是在诊断、治疗和管理大脑和神经系统疾病方面受过专门培训的医生,如阿尔茨海默病、中风、偏头痛、多发性硬化症、脑震荡、帕金森病和癫痫。